One of the most important features, which some authors have considered, is the absolute, total collapse of Dixie's political parties. After the 1860 election, all candidates in the Confederacy ran without either party labels or any party organization. In the North, formal opposition to the war concentrated pretty totally within the Democrats. This meant that every officeholder and political operative had means both to mobilize in support, or be identified publicly. There were fewer tools available to evaluate the actions of people like the etremist Governor Brown of Georgia, who hoarded food, ammo and supplies for his militia, while the actual Confederate Army was destitute and starving. Many non-slavery areas, particularly in East Tennessee and the western part of North Carolina stayed loyal to the union and hve been reliably Republican through this time. Political parties really did not revive until the later 1960s in the Deep South.
After the George Wallace wing of the Democrats, a generation of split votes lasted until very recently. During that era, Democrats winning the presidency only came from the old Confederacy (Georgia and Arkansas). For future national ompetitiveness, the Democratic Partty needs these moderates, because Carter-Clinton-Gore Southern liberals are unlikely to succeed in the newer Politicometric era.
John D. Froelich
Upper Darby Pa.
Jul 20 2010 - 2:11pm