When Pope Francis spoke to Congress in September of 2015, one of the Americans he mentioned as having been of particular inspiration to whom was Dorothy Day, the activist who died on this day in 1980; her Catholic Worker organization tried to align the Church closer with the theory and practice of social justice advocacy, ministering especially to the poor, and caring for the earth. The journalist Dan Wakefield wrote about Day and Catholic Worker in February of 1956 in The Nation, in an article titled “Miracle in the Bowery.”

Dorothy Day was a writer and reporter in the twenties, and Malcolm Cowley remarked in The Exile’s Return that all the gamblers in a Greenwich Village bar admired her because she could drink any one of them under the table. She joined the I.W.W., served as an editor on The Masses, became a Catholic, reported the “hunger march” in Washington in 1932, and wondered what she could do about what she saw….

The radical spirit of America that was conjured up so briefly and dramatically at the last meeting of the C.I.O. before its merger with the A.F. of L.—the spirit of the Wobblies and Big Bill Haywood and Debs and Joe Hill that seemed like a ghost at the final banquet—is still a living force for the Catholic Worker group. The poverty-stricken men and women whose existence society denies and has no room for are being sheltered and fed; the big moral issues of our time are being faced with words and action; television sets are set aside for the almost outmoded habit of discussion. It’s all going on right now, in 1956, and it is hard to understand it as less than a miracle.

November 29, 1980

To mark The Nation’s 150th anniversary, every morning this year The Almanac will highlight something that happened that day in history and how The Nation covered it. Get The Almanac every day (or every week) by signing up to the e-mail newsletter.