Ramallah and Gaza
Among Palestinians in the occupied territories, the prospect that Ariel Sharon will be Israel’s next prime minister is met with a shrug of the shoulders. The indifference is not from ignorance. Palestinians know well Sharon’s history. They have always been the victims of it.
Leading the Israeli army’s “southern command,” Sharon ruthlessly crushed the Palestinian resistance in what was then the newly occupied Gaza Strip in the early 1970s. And of course it was Sharon, as Israel’s defense minister, who was held “indirectly responsible” (by an independent Israeli Commission of Inquiry) for the massacre of about 2,000 Palestinians at Beirut’s Sabra and Shatila refugee camps during Israel’s 1982 invasion of Lebanon. The commission recommended that Sharon “draw the appropriate personal conclusions” and resign from his post as defense minister.
Rather, the Palestinians’ apathy is explained by the comparison they make between Sharon and Israel’s present prime minister. “By his actions, Ehud Barak has erased any difference between the two men in the Palestinian perception,” says Palestinian political leader Mustafa Barghouthi. Four months after Sharon–with Barak’s approval–decided to “demonstrate Jewish sovereignty” over the Islamic holy sites in occupied East Jerusalem by making a provocative visit to the Haram al-Sharif, Palestinian losses from Israel’s suppression of the “intifada al-Aksa” are beginning to reach Sabra and Shatila proportions.
According to Barghouthi’s Union of Palestinian Medical Relief Committees, Palestinian casualties from the Israeli army and settlers now stand at nearly 360 killed and more than 13,000 injured. In addition, according to a UN economist, a military blockade isolating each Palestinian town and village from the other in the occupied territories has caused a 13 percent decline in the Palestinians’ GDP and a 50 percent increase in their unemployment and poverty levels.
“The vast majority of Palestinians don’t see Sharon or Barak. They see an army, with Sharon and Barak as its generals,” says Barghouthi. Some Palestinians see more. They believe a Sharon victory will be a boon for their cause. “He will expose the true face of Israel,” says Hussam Khader, an activist in Yasir Arafat’s Fatah movement in Nablus, “and force the world, including the US, to address its real responsibilities to the peace process.”