In 1965, when President Lyndon Johnson sought a major supplemental appropriation to fund the rapidly expanding US presence in Vietnam, ten members of Congress said “no.” The group, all Democrats, included three US Senators–Oregon’s Wayne Morse, Alaska’s Ernest Gruening and Wisconsin’s Gaylord Nelson–and seven members of the House: Californians Phil Burton, George Brown and Don Edwards, New Yorkers Bill Ryan and John Dow, Oregon’s Edith Green, and a newly-elected representative from Detroit, Michigan, named John Conyers.
Of the ten, only Conyers remains in the Congress. And, on Friday, he again cast his vote against a presidential demand for the appropriation of money to fund a distant war that critics have begun to refer to as a “quagmire.” A fierce critic of the Bush Administration’s domestic and international policies — Conyers likes to say, “We need a regime change in the United States” –the Congressman voted against the Bush Administration’s request for an $87 billion supplemental appropriation, most of which will be used to fund the continued occupation of Iraq. “(The Administration is) adding $87 billion on top of the $67 billion already spent, and there is no end in sight,” Conyers said, echoing his criticism of appropriations for Vietnam
When he voted against the Iraq appropriation, however, Conyers had a lot more company.
One hundred and thirty-seven members of the Congress — 125 in the House and 12 in the Senate — resisted the Administration’s demand for the $87 billion. While the vote against the appropriation was insufficient to stop the war, it served as a signal that opposition to the US occupation of Iraq is more politically potent than analysts with short memories of past fights over military funding fights would have Americans believe.
Among the dozen senators who opposed the $87 billion appropriation were the chamber’s two senior members, Democrats Robert Byrd, of West Virginia, and Edward Kennedy, of Massachusetts, both of whom supported that 1965 Vietnam appropriation. Byrd, whose passionate opposition to the Iraq war made him something of a hero to young activists, left no doubt about his feelings during Friday’s debate. Comparing the Administration’s promotion of the war in Iraq with Nazi Reich Marshall Hermann Goring’s propaganda before and during World War II, Byrd declared, “The emperor has no clothes. This entire adventure in Iraq has been based on propaganda and manipulation. Eight-seven billion dollars is too much to pay for the continuation of a war based on falsehoods.”