The following remarkable letter, bearing the signature of Mr. A. Mitchell Palmer, Attorney General of the United States, was addressed to the editors of a magazine of large and general circulation and is published by The Nation with their consent. The editorial policy of the magazine in question is non-partisan and non-controversial. The letter was accompanied by photostatic copies of the various exhibits referred to. Save for the correction of an obvious typographical error in the spelling of the name of Justice Story, the letter is here reproduced as written.
Office of the Attorney General Washington, DC
January 27, 1920.
Editor, —Magazine, New York City.
In order that as one of the leaders of thought of this country you may have before you an authentic source of information as to the significance of the present situation I am taking the liberty of sending to you photostatic copies of original documents published by various branches of the Communist Press in Russia and in the United States. These furnish the purpose, history, and character of the Red Radical Movement, not by hearsay, but under the authoritative sanction of its own progenitors.
Exhibit No. 1 is the Report of Louis C. Fraina, International Secretary of the Communist Party of America, describing fully its antecedents, birth and projects, and follows the form of an application of the Communist Party of America to be accepted in the Bureau of the Communist International as a “major party.”
Exhibit No. 2 is the manifesto of the Third Communist International adopted at Moscow, March 2-6, 1919, and signed by Comrades C. Rakovsky, N. Lenin, M. Zinerzen, L. Trotsky and Fritz Platten. It is an exhaustive statement of the rationale, principles and program of Russian Bolshevism and its ambition for world-wide dominion.
Exhibit No. 3 is the responsive and co-operating Manifesto, Constitution and Program of the Communist Party of America.
Exhibit No. 4 represents the form of application for membership in this party, containing the pledge to active enlistment in its seditious work.
Exhibit No. 5 gives the Novomirski Manifesto of the Anarchist-Communists organized in the Federation of Unions of Russian Workers of the United States and Canada, similar in purpose to the manifestoes of previously numbered exhibits and containing particularly the declaration “We are atheists; we are communists; we are anarchists.”—You all have one task—to destroy the world of gain and create a world of freedom; for all there is one means—an armed insurrection and forcible seizure of all instruments and all products of toil. “Woe to the enemies of the laboring class.”
Exhibit No. 6. “Your Shop” is an evidence of the sabotizing of labor and labor enemies prescribed on the communist program.
Exhibit No. 7. The State-Strike Breaker, of like use but aimed at the defamation of government and the employing class.
Exhibit No. 8. A proclamation of the Communist International against the Versailles Peace, designed to exert influence toward its failure of ratification.