In the old Soviet bloc states, the official line of the ruling elites did not always come from the government itself. Often it was delivered by journalists who would amplify the party line with “independent” analysis and comment.
Thus, while officials dealt in vapid generalities about programs for the people, the opinion “commissars” would offer rigid defenses of the party line and demonize those who expressed even the slightest doubts.
Washington in 2003 is certainly different from Bucharest in 1953. But Americans seeking to get a flavor of the old inside-outside strategy of matching official “tolerance” for dialogue with semi-official ranting about the dangers of dissent need look no further than William Kristol’s recent appearances on the Fox News Channel programs.
Kristol, the editor of Rupert Murdoch’s Weekly Standard, is a charming, reasonably soft-spoken figure who has a good deal of influence in the Bush White House and a passionate faith in the neo-conservative fantasy that people around the world wish their countries would be invaded. Of late, Kristol has been spinning harder than White House spokesman Ari Fleischer — pulling out all the stops in hopes of convincing Americans that the war in Iraq is going as it should and that questioners of the war’s wisdom or prosecution are, at best, irrational.
Though he is a magazine editor, Kristol was quicker than Fleischer to wag a finger at reporters who might question why the war is not quite the “cakewalk” that neo-conservative commentators and Vice President Dick Cheney predicted. Defending the administration, Kristol grumbled during a Fox appearance last week that, “They’re doing fine, and remember the media does not represent the country. I want to repeat, there is no empirical evidence today that Americans are impatient for the end of this war.”
Readers of the Weekly Standard got an extended version of Kristol’s remarks. “Here’s the good news about the American people: They’re not affected by the silly mood swings of much of the media,” he explained. “Americans outside newsrooms and TV studios understand that wars are often difficult and usually unpredictable.”
If Mr. Kristol were to leave the comfortable confines of the Washington Beltway, he might be surprised to learn that a lot of Americans actually believed the pre-war spin of the Bush administration and neo-conservative commentators about how Iraqis were anxiously awaiting invasion, er, liberation.