Operation Protective Edge elicited near-unanimous support in Israel. Initially, Israel even enjoyed significant international backing (which Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu squandered by recklessly unleashing Israel’s military might on defenseless civilians). As we enter a fragile respite, oppositional forces in Israel must use the aftermath of yet another war to make the case for a reversal of Israel’s current strategy vis-à-vis the Palestinians, the region and the world. Much of it depends on providing Israelis with the appropriate context. Indeed, operation Protective Edge can be strategically justified only when taken out of context. There’s no doubt that had Hamas started to rain rockets on Israel out of the blue and there was no alternative course of action for stopping them, a military operation would have been unavoidable. But Hamas’s deplorable attacks on Israeli civilians take place in the context of a conflict that could have been and can still be resolved. This is the core message of the Israeli peace movement, a message that our parliamentary opposition should have insisted upon during the war.
Still, can’t it be argued that even if the war was preventable in the overall scheme of things, it was still necessary given present circumstances? The answer naturally depends on how we carve up the causal sequence. For Netanyahu, no single event in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict can be understood without going back at least ninety-odd years. Last October, for example, Netanyahu identified the Jaffa riots of 1921 as the conflict’s starting point. His historical account is as good as any, but what’s remarkable about Netanyahu is the fact that he seems to believe that nothing has really changed since then. Israeli Jews in 2014 still confront the same basic situation that early Zionist immigrants faced way back when: it’s all about the Arabs’ reluctance to accept our presence in our ancient homeland. At bottom, Netanyahu doesn’t believe that Zionism changed the basic dynamics of Jewish history; it just gave us weapons to defend ourselves.
But the recent war in Gaza wasn’t really preordained by events in the early ’20s of the last century. The immediate context of this operation has to do with Israel’s determination to sabotage the Fatah-Hamas unity government sworn in on June 2 in the wake of the predictable collapse of the ill-fated round of negotiations initiated last year by US Secretary of State John Kerry. Disconcerted by the US and EU’s warranted decision to back the new Palestinian government, Netanyahu overreacted when three Israeli youths were kidnapped and viciously murdered in the West Bank. Under the guise of a search operation for the youths, who he knew were already dead, Netanyahu launched Operation Brother’s Keeper—the now nearly forgotten predecessor to Protective Edge. Netanyahu insisted on Hamas’s responsibility for the kidnapping, promising some yet undisclosed “unequivocal evidence.” Among the 400 Palestinians arrested were fifty-eight Hamas militants who had been released in the Gilad Shalit prisoner exchange agreement in 2011 and had not returned to terrorism, according to official Israeli documents. Given this context, it becomes clear that the tragic events in Gaza started when Netanyahu, determined to derail Palestinian reconciliation, lost control over an escalation he instigated following a vicious but minor terrorist attack (which Israel has so far failed to prove had been ordered by the leadership of Hamas).