Sadly, there’s no Bud Fox this time round, but Gordon Gekko is back—at least at the multiplex. But Elizabeth Warren will be there too. President Obama has asked the Harvard Law professor and consumer advocate to serve as assistant to the president and special adviser to the secretary of the treasury on the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. Someone to protect us from the nonfictional Gekkos of the world.
"Greed," Oliver Stone’s Gekko says in Wall Street, "captures the essence of the evolutionary spirit." Warren isn’t so sure. Her role, says Senator Bernie Sanders (D-Vermont), is to take on the "greed and recklessness" of Wall Street, to protect the many from the avaricious impulses of the few. So as Stone releases the sequel to Wall Street, his seminal 1987 drama, Obama has unleashed in Warren a personified rebuttal.
Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps opens in theaters on September 24. After his 1987 introduction to America, "Gordon Gekko" became a metonym for rapacious greed and unethical financial practices. According to Forbes, Gekko is the fourth-richest fictional character of all time (between #3 Richie Rich of Richville, USA, and #5 Jabba the Hutt of the planet Tatooine), and at the UN General Assembly in 2008, Michael Douglas found himself fielding questions about how much responsibility he, as Gekko’s original portrayer, should bear for the global financial meltdown and the Great Recession. After two such queries, Douglas had to explain, "My name is not Gordon. It’s a character I played twenty years ago."
Strangely, the real Wall Street—and its current generation of Gekko-inspired masters of the universe—seems to be making the same mistake as the reporters at the UN. As business-as-usual returns to Lower Manhattan, corporate America is behaving as if the recession were but a figment of Oliver Stone’s imagination, an over-the-top fiction that scared a lot of people and angered a lot more—but certainly didn’t ruin anybody’s life.
The big boys are back, and for America’s wealthiest, the money machine is humming again. Even as more and more Americans lose their homes to foreclosure, bank profits have returned to pre-crisis levels. Poverty is at its highest level in fifty-one years: 43.6 million Americans—one in seven—live in poverty, 3.7 million more than in 2008. Admittedly, Wall Street has changed some of its ways in the face of strident criticism, but according to Simon Johnson, an MIT economist, "the overall culture remains the same, and the system is largely unreformed." While more stretch limousines work their way back onto New York City streets, the rest of America keeps its collective fingers crossed, hoping to hold onto their Hondas in the face of financial insecurity.