An Occupy New Haven activist enters camp on the Green in New Haven, Connecticut, Wednesday, March 14, 2012. (AP Photo/Jessica Hill)
On April 18, three days after celebrating its six-month anniversary, Occupy New Haven was evicted from its encampment on the city’s Green, marking the end of the last Occupy camp in New England. The third time was the charm, so to speak, as two previous attempts by City Hall to dislodge the neighbors it no longer wanted were stymied by last-minute court rulings related to free speech and to who actually had the authority to evict the Occupiers, since the Green is privately owned but managed by the city.
Mayor John DeStefano welcomed occupiers to camp on the Green without a permit beginning October 15, 2011, and the Proprietors (the private owners) did not object. Protesters stayed through the winter, but when spring came the city said it was time to go, to allow others to enjoy the Upper Green (which abuts the ivied walls of Yale University). In a written notice issued March 1, city officials asked them to depart by "mid-March" and wished them well.
Ultimately, a federal judge ruled that their presence on the Green, including the use of tents, was a form of speech, but concluded that they were in violation of the city’s regulations and could express their speech somewhere else.
So, more than a month after the original deadline, ten occupiers linked arms and sat down in front of one of the few remaining tents under a banner that read, “You Can’t Evict an Idea” and were escorted or carried off by police. Three others were arrested in the crowd. All were charged with disorderly conduct and/or interfering with police. The cops announced they’d come at 8 a.m. and they did. They used no tear gas or pepper spray, didn’t beat any heads, and didn’t shoot anyone – all in stark contrast to middle of the night evictions in New York City and Oakland, for example.
What was the value of a six-month encampment in the heart of the city? The original idea had been “a slow and steady Occupy," according to one of those who presented his vision at the original planning meeting for the camp, to show how a group of people could build their own version of the beloved community in recession-plagued, one percent-dominated America. And they succeeded to a large degree, holding twice- or thrice-weekly General Assemblies to hash out both housekeeping issues and action proposals, and building a strong relationship with the New Haven Police Department, largely due to the leadership of its downtown district manager.
So there was already a disincentive for direct action built into the concept of the camp, which had a more inward focus. This was different from many other occupations, which focused more on confronting symbols of economic oppression – like banks, corporations, and Wall Street itself – and often had to contend with militarized police forces.
A direct action committee – including both residents of the camp and non-residents – did plan and carry out various protests, but these efforts never amounted to anything like a mass movement. Occupiers also consistently participated in a local organization against police brutality and in a coalition to reopen a venerable youth services agency in the African American community.