All I want is the truth. Just gimme some truth.
Florida’s electoral mishegoss lends itself to the exploration of an issue that receives no attention in the media and yet underlies virtually everything its members do. I speak to you, dear reader, of the Meaning of Truth.
Ever since Fox’s John Ellis began the mistaken media stampede for his cousin George W. Bush’s victory on election night, reporters, producers and executives have spun themselves silly trying to describe a situation that is ultimately an epistemological bottomless pit. There is no single “truth” about who won Florida. From the point of view of “institutional truth,” we began without clear rules or precedents for measuring the vote, whether they include dimple-counting, partially punched chads or butterfly ballots. I am convinced Gore carried the will of the people, but I’m guessing that Lady Katherine Harris Macbeth would rather contract rabies than accept my admittedly subjective interpretation. From the perspective of “brute truth,” however, the difference between the Bush/Gore numbers turns out to be so small that it will never exceed the count’s margin of error. What we are seeing, therefore, is not a process of objective measurement but a contest of raw power. The Democrats use the courts and the law. The Republicans rely on rent-a-mobs, partisan hacks and power-hungry allies in the state legislature and Congress. Guess which side is bound to win?
Our media coverage admits none of this, because it is committed to a fairy-tale version of truth and objectivity that separates “fact” and “opinion” but cannot fathom anything in between. When Tim Russert declared on November 26 that George Bush “has now been declared the official winner of the Florida election…and therefore he is the 43rd President of the United States,” he was making a statement that could not have been true when he made it. (Even Bush understood that he was only playing a President-elect on TV.) But the feared and celebrated Russert knew that his words were bound by only the narrowest definition of “truth.” He could always take it back later.
The attachment to the idea of attainable objective “truth” on the part of American journalism is partially responsible for its frequent brainlessness. As NYU’s Jay Rosen points out, “objectivity as a theory of how to arrive at the truth is bankrupt intellectually…. Everything we’ve learned about the pursuit of truth tells us that in one way or another the knower is incorporated into the known.” (Remember Heisenberg? Remember Einstein?) The famous 1920s debate between Walter Lippmann and John Dewey shed considerable light on this problem, with Lippmann arguing for a “spectator” theory of reality and Dewey arguing for a more consensual one, arrived at through discourse and debate.