“We have won, and now we have to start working to implement our program and unify the country,” Romano Prodi told Italians after the official count confirmed from that country’s national elections confirmed exit polls showing Prodi’s center-left coalition had deposed the government of Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, who had allied Italy with George W. Bush’s foreign policies.
With his Olive Tree coalition of moderate Christian Democrats, liberals, Greens, Socialists, former Communists and Communists on track to gain solid control of the lower of the two houses of the Italian Parliament, the Chamber of Deputies, and a narrow majority in the upper house, the Senate, Prodi says he is positioned to begin to implement an ambitious agenda. If all goes as planned, one of the new prime minister’s first moves will be to pull Italy’s contingent of 2,600 troops out of Iraq.
That will deprive the Bush administration’s “coalition of the willing” occupation force in Iraq of its fourth largest contingent.
The Italian withdrawal will be the latest blow to the administration spin that suggests the occupation is a multinational initiative. A score of countries have withdrawn their troops or are in the process of doing so. Many of the exits were hastened by elections that — as in Italy this week — saw voters chose political leaders and parties that promised to quit the coalition.
With Italy out, only three countries — the U.S., Great Britain and South Korea — will have more than 1,000 troops on the ground in Iraq.
The Italian exit is expected to come quickly.
Prodi’s coalition promised during the campaign to implement an immediate withdrawal and, in nationally-televised debate last week he spelled out how it will work. “When we go to the government we’ll decide for a speedy pullout of the troops, in secure conditions, talking with the Iraqi authorities,” said Prodi, who explained that his priority would be to implement the exit strategy “as soon as possible.”
Prodi could have a hard time implementing much of his program, as the close divide in the Senate and his own unwieldy coalition are likely to make governing difficult. But the process of getting Italian troops home will be eased by the fact that many member of Berlusconi’s coalition also favor withdrawal. Indeed, in an attempt to diffuse the war issue during the recent campaign, Berlusconi, himself, had suggested that he would try to get Italian troops out of Iraq by the end of the year.