In marking the tenth anniversary of 9/11 this past weekend, numerous reports in the media covered the enormous costs of the “war on terror,” human and financial, that followed the attacks on America. No one, as far as I could see, mentioned one often hidden area that I have focused on since our first troops landed in Afghanistan: the shocking increase in the number of suicides within the US military, and among veterans who served in our recent wars.
Despite the decline in fighting in Iraq in recent years, that suicide rate remains at record levels.
Over the years, I have written about dozens of sad, tragic, individual cases. But perhaps the saddest of all concerns a young soldier who died eight years ago this week. Appalled when ordered to take part in interrogations that, no doubt, involved what most would call torture—another wrong turn by the United States following 9/11—Alyssa Peterson refused, then killed herself a few days later, on September 15, 2003.
Of course, we now know from the torture memos and the US Senate committee probe and various press reports that the “Gitmo-izing” of Iraq was happening just at the time Alyssa got swept up in it.
Spc. Alyssa Peterson was one of the first female soldiers who died in Iraq. Her death under these circumstances should have drawn wide attention. It’s not exactly the Tillman case, but a cover-up, naturally, followed.
Peterson, 27, a Flagstaff, Arizona, native, served with C Company, 311th Military Intelligence BN, 101st Airborne. She was a valuable Arabic-speaking interrogator assigned to the prison at our air base in troubled Tal Afar in northwestern Iraq. According to official records, she died on September 15, 2003, from a “non-hostile weapons discharge.”
A “non-hostile weapons discharge” leading to death is not unusual in Iraq, often quite accidental, so this one apparently raised few eyebrows. The Arizona Republic, three days after her death, reported that Army officials “said that a number of possible scenarios are being considered, including Peterson’s own weapon discharging, the weapon of another soldier discharging, or the accidental shooting of Peterson by an Iraqi civilian.” And that might have ended it right there.
But in this case, a longtime radio and newspaper reporter named Kevin Elston, not satisfied with the public story, decided to probe deeper in 2005, “just on a hunch,” he told me in late 2006. He made “hundreds of phone calls” to the military and couldn’t get anywhere, so he filed a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request. When the documents of the official investigation of her death arrived, they contained bombshell revelations.
Here’s what the Flagstaff public radio station, KNAU, where Elston worked, reported: “Peterson objected to the interrogation techniques used on prisoners. She refused to participate after only two nights working in the unit known as the cage. Army spokespersons for her unit have refused to describe the interrogation techniques Alyssa objected to. They say all records of those techniques have now been destroyed.”