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Stephen Cohen: A ‘United’ Ukraine Is Really a Divided Ukraine

Petro Poroshenko

Petro Poroshenko (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)

Stephen Cohen joined The John Batchelor Show earlier this week to discuss Ukraine’s political and economic stability, or lack thereof. President Poroshenko’s recent address to the new parliament of Ukraine is revealing, Cohen says, because Poroshenko “strikes a triumphal note,” claiming victory in the midst of war “because at last Ukraine is united.”

“The only way you could claim that it was now united,” Cohen argues, “is if you had given up on the eastern part of the country as a legitimate part of the country.”

—Jessica McKenzie

Is Diplomacy Now Possible in Ukraine?

Ukraine President Petro Poroshenko

Ukraine President Petro Poroshenko (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)

Is Ukraine President Petro Poroshenko getting desperate? Despite Russian convoys to Ukraine’s conflict region, Vladimir Putin and Poroshenko agreed to meet Tuesday, August 27. However, those talks were distracted by Ukraine’s capturing of Russian paratroopers the day of. Listen here as Nation contributing editor and Russian historian Stephen Cohen discusses the latest on the John Batchelor Show.

Simon Davis-Cohen

Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 Shot Down Near Ukraine-Russia Border

An armed pro-Russian separatist stands at a site of a Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777 plane crash in the settlement of Grabovo in the Donetsk region, July 17, 2014. (Reuters/Maxim Zmeyev)

The Donetsk Whodunnit: Ukraine and Russia Blame at Each Other for Shooting Down Malaysian Jet

Soon after the horrific news began circulating that a Malaysian Airlines Boeing 777 had crashed in eastern Ukraine, both the Kiev forces and pro-Russian rebels fighting there agreed that the plane had been shot down. But explanations of who shot it down—and why—immediately began diverging wildly in what has become the latest battle in the information war that has been waged between Ukraine and Russia since protests began in Kiev in November. The 295 people killed in the crash could not temper the politicized finger-pointing.

American and Ukrainian authorities said the plane had been hit by a surface-to-air missile, and speculation immediately centered on the Buk (otherwise called a “Gadfly”) missile launcher that Kiev said the rebels had used to shoot it down. Anton Gerashchenko, an aide to the Ukrainian interior minister, wrote on his Facebook account shortly after the crash that “terrorists shot down a passenger plane with a Buk missile that Putin kindly gave to them.… The cynicism of Putin and his terrorists knows no bounds!” He called on the United States and Europe to “help us with everything you can.”

For his part, Vladimir Putin refrained from saying who might have shot down the plane in a segment broadcast on Russian television, but noted that Ukraine “bears responsibility” for the downing of an airliner on its territory.

The rebels immediately began denying their involvement and blaming the Ukrainian military. On Twitter and in interviews, Alexander Borodai, the Muscovite who heads the self-declared Donetsk People’s Republic, maintained that the rebels did not have weapons capable of hitting an airplane at the height Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 was traveling, above 32,000 feet.

“It was shot down by the Ukrainian military. I think this is a deliberate provocation,” Borodai said, using the term that both sides have employed to explain many murky incidents over the four months of fighting in eastern Ukraine.

But the rebels by their own admission do have these missiles, as Russian news agencies reported at the end of June. The Donetsk People’s Republic Twitter account even posted a photo of the missiles at the time. A correspondent in eastern Ukraine for Russian state-controlled channel Rossiya-24 later reported that the militia does possess Buk launchers, but that they’re “all undergoing repair.”

Pundits in the Western media quickly joined Gerashchenko in claiming that Moscow had provided the pro-Russian militia with the advanced missile launchers. The Ukrainian representative to the United Nations went further, promising to “present the evidence of Russian military involvement into the Boeing crash.” But Putin’s spokesman Dmitry Peskov said allegations of Russian involvement “stupidity,” and the rebels had said in June that they captured the Buk missiles from a Ukrainian air-defense base near the village of Oleksiivka.

The Ukrainian intelligence service released an intercepted recording it said showed Russian rebels admitting to downing the plane, but dismayed that it had turned out to be a civilian flight. Similarly, a deleted post on a social network page that has published statements by the rebels’ military leader, Muscovite Igor Strelkov, praised the downing of the plane, also under the assumption it was a military flight.

Meanwhile, increasingly wild versions of events began to appear. Representatives of the neighboring Lugansk People’s Republic told Russian state news agency RIA Novosti that unnamed witnesses had seen a Ukrainian fighter jet attack the Boeing 777.

Russian defence analyst Igor Korotchenko, editor of the National Defence journal, said on Rossiya 24 and RIA Novosti it was “obvious” that MH17 had been accidentally shot down by poorly trained Ukrainian government forces while checking the battle readiness of a Buk missile launcher. But Western military experts on CBS News and elsewhere argued that taking down the plane with a Buk would require extensive training and a careful shot.

RT and other Russian media began quoting a confidential source at Russian Aviation arguing that Ukrainian forces had been trying to down Russia’s presidential plane, which he or she said had passed through a certain airspace near Warsaw shortly after the Malaysian airliner had.

Among Twitter accounts supporting the rebellion in Ukraine, it was common knowledge Ukrainian forces had shot down the airliner, only their goal had been to draw Western forces into the conflict in eastern Ukraine. Rossiya 24 hinted at a similar conclusion when in between segments on the downed Boeing 777 it broadcast a recap of Siberia Airlines Flight 1812, which the Ukrainian military admitted to accidentally shooting down over the Black Sea in 2001.

Pavel Felgenhauer, a Moscow-based defense analyst and columnist for the independent Novaya Gazeta, said the fact that the rebels had shot down a Ukrainian military An-26 transport aircraft on Monday at about 20,000 feet—one of three military aircraft they downed this week—proved that they had acquired more powerful weaponry.

“The most plausible explanation is, of course, it was the rebels with Russian help, or Russian volunteers on the side of the rebels,” who shot down Malaysia Airlines flight 17, Felgenhauer said. “That’s more plausible than all other shit being circulated.”

The Untold History of the US: Part One

As Nation editor Katrina vanden Heuvel blogged, Oliver Stone's "ambitious ten-part documentary series tells the behind-the-scenes stories that have shaped our country and the world as we know it today."

Narrated by Stone, this new one-hour Showtime series features human events that at the time went under-reported, but crucially shaped America's unique and complex history. The first chapter explores the birth of the American Empire by focusing on Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin. Through examination of key decisions during World War II, discover unsung heroes such as American Henry Wallace and explore the demonization of the Soviets. Watch it now!

[VIDEO] Protest Organizers Explain the Cooper Union Occupation

Join the Feminist Roundup

After you vote today, another great way to counter the GOP's assault on women is to sign-up for our free Feminist Roundup offering a weekly recap of feminist news and commentary from Jessica ValentiKatha PollittBryce Covert and many others. Join today!

Join the Feminist Roundup

After you vote today, another great way to counter the GOP's assault on women is to sign-up for our free Feminist Roundup offering a weekly recap of feminist news and commentary from Jessica ValentiKatha PollittBryce Covert and many others. Join today!

Join the Feminist Roundup

After you vote today, another great way to counter the GOP's assault on women is to sign-up for our free Feminist Roundup offering a weekly recap of feminist news and commentary from Jessica ValentiKatha PollittBryce Covert and many others. Join today!

Roosevelt Institute Announces New Pipeline Fellows

Congratulations to the Roosevelt Institute and kudos to its new Pipeline group of Fellows who will join the Roosevelt Institute's Four Freedoms Center beginning next month. The idea behind Pipeline is to create a national network of young professionals connected to the progressive movement who can begin to inject new ideas into the national debate around issues critical to the future of our society.

Representing the most promising young progressives of the Millennial generation, Pipeline Fellows work with established experts in the Four Freedoms Center to develop strong voices and innovative policy solutions suffused with the critical perspectives of young people.

This year's Fellows are a well-chosen and remarkable bunch: journalist and Nation contributor Nona Willis Aronowitz, security analyst Caitlin Howarth, human rights activist Sabrina Hersi Issa, and tax reform expert Elizabeth Pearson.  Their areas of focus include Aronowitz’s research on how the Great Recession has reshaped the Millennial generation and the future of the economy, Pearson’s study of how the pro-tax coalitions of the ‘50s and ‘60s can inform today’s progressive dialogue, Howarth’s exploration of how modern technology can aid nontraditional groups affected by global conflicts, and Issa’s work on modern famine, foreign aid, and the political implications of humanitarian disasters.

The new Fellows will be publicy introduced at the Roosevelt Rising conference in New York City on November 9th with a keynote address by MSNBC host and Nation editor-at-large Chris Hayes.

Watch this video to learn about some of the most creative ideas being proffered by Pipeline alums.

Youth Vote Decisive in Electing Obama

Election 2012 should put forever to rest the old saw that young people are politically apathetic. Coming on the heels of a year that saw a significant resurgence of student activism, more young people turned out for the 2012 election than the historic numbers in 2008, despite new voter ID laws and challenges by lawmakers against college students' ability to vote, and widespread confusion about state voting laws.

Voters from ages 18 to 29 represented 19 percent of all those who voted, according to the early National Exit Poll conducted by Edison Research. That's an increase of one percentage point from 2008. Looking at all 50 states, Obama won the youth vote 60 percent compared to 37 percent for Romney, according to exit polls.

And these voters broke overwhelmingly for President Obama. In fact, several groups that study the youth vote say they are confident Romney's lack of appeal to young people lost him the election. According to the Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement, which studies youth voting habits, millennial voters were critical for Obama in the swing states of Florida, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Virginia. (Students make up a significant part of the overall vote in Ohio and Florida, which have two of the country's largest student bodies at Ohio State University and the University of Central Florida.)

Watch this space in the coming days for far more detailed coverage of the youth vote.

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