Nation editor-at-large and host of MSNBC’s All In with Chris Hayes.
At Upper Senate Park on the grounds of the US Capitol yesterday, on ahot, humid DC summer day, 10,000 people from across the country ralliedfor healthcare reform with a real public option.
They flew in from as far as Washington state, Montana, New Mexico andNebraska; bussed in from Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, New York andNew Jersey; and made the trip from Florida, North Carolina, Tennessee,Missouri and Illinois.
It was a vibrant crowd, showing the colors of unions that turned out inforce: CWA red, UFCW yellow, AFSCME green, SEIU purple, LiUNA orange,IBEW lime, and SIU blue.
They were there not only to rally but to lobby. They understood theurgency with nearly 50 million people uninsured and millions moreunderinsured and an illness away from bankruptcy. They understood theopposition as the industry lobbyists fight tooth and nail to protecttheir profits. And they understood the need for citizens to make thecase for real reform each and every day until we win.
Maddie, a resident caregiver for children with developmentaldisabilities in Vineland, NJ, made the bus trip down with AFSCME Local2215.
"We have a lot of people -- even in the bus that we brought down today-- they have children that are sick. One lady has a daughter who has arare disease -- she doesn't have any healthcare," she said. "It's moreimportant than getting a raise, or making extra money. We fight healthissues every day of our life... The private companies aren't necessarilygonna give us that healthcare, the public option makes sure it's forall. I just hope my brothers and sisters make a statement today and dowhat we came here to do -- convince Congress."
Ronald, a splicer for Verizon, came from Wilmington, Delaware with CWAlocal 13100.
"There's a lot of work that needs to be done. Everybody needs to rallytogether and get this," he said. "We're in America -- strongest nationin the world. We shouldn't be going through this -- with all thesepeople not being able to take care of their family members .... We votethese guys in to do a job -- not to leave their state, come down here toDC, and then all of a sudden they flip the script, they have their ownagendas."
Congressman Charles Rangel told the crowd that their efforts werehistoric, drawing a parallel to the March on Washington.
"Civil rights without the right to health -- you can't use it much," hesaid. "Remember this day the same way we remember the day that wemarched down here with Dr. Martin Luther King. No one knew howimportant that march was....One day you'll tell your kids and yourgrandkids that have healthcare, 'Enjoy that, but don't take it forgranted because [I] came to Washington on a hot, June day'...."
Senator Charles Schumer -- who has taken a leading role in speaking outfor a public plan option (in contrast to weak substitutes likeDemocratic Senator Kent Conrad's regional coops) -- also fired up thecrowd. He called for a public option that isn't "diluted" and told thepeople to "hold [Congress'] feet to the fire" in this "long, hardfight."
Actress Edie Falco -- a breast cancer survivor -- talked about her pastas an unemployed actress who needed to make the same tough choices somany people are forced to make today.
"It's bad enough the emotional impact of not having a job, but to getsick on top of that, and worry every day that [you're] not gettingbetter, figuring out what you're gonna have to do without so you canafford a doctor's visit," she said. "I'm far more familiar with thatthan I am with my situation these last number of years. I'm here onbehalf of all the people who are still in that situation, working hard,doing their jobs, and not being able to take care of themselves or theirfamilies."
The rally lasted for about an hour and a half, then folks headed tolobby their legislators or attend town meetings. Pennsylvania -- whichhad 2,000 people who came down in 36 buses or carpools -- packed themain floor of the Capitol City Brewing Company and its balconies withhundreds of rank and file union members. (There were definitely morethan 700 people -- the official capacity of the establishment.) Therewas word that Senator Arlen Specter was on his way, and with his plansfor reelection hinging on Democrats who were unsure about his positionon the public plan option and the Employee Free Choice Act, there wasquite a buzz.
He kept getting delayed, however, and most were predicting he wouldn'tshow. In the meantime, Congresswoman Allison Schwartz stopped in topledge her continued support for this cause. So did Sen. Specter'srumored challenger in a Democratic primary, Congressman Joe Sestak.
Rep. Sestak told the crowd that while his opposition to the Iraq War isoften reported as the reason he ran for Congress in 2006, his primarymotivation was the debt he feels to the nation for the healthcare he andhis family received while he was in the military.
Four years ago his daughter was diagnosed with a malignant brain tumorand given just months to give. But she received the best possibletreatment and she is now eight years old. Her roommate her first dayin the hospital -- a two year old boy with acute leukemia -- didn'thave insurance and treatment was much more difficult to obtain. Thatwas when Sestak began to focus on healthcare for all Americans. He saidhe's in this fight as "payback to the citizens of this nation" whoprovided the care his family needed.
The crowd began to disperse as people gave up on Sen. Specter. Butabout three hours after the meeting began, he showed -- having beendelayed, it turns out, by the White House meeting on immigration.
For some minutes before the Senator spoke, the crowd chanted repeatedly,"Healthcare is a right. Stand with us and fight." So when SenatorSpecter finally stepped to the mic he said, "I compliment you on yourtenacity.... And I think Sen. Schumer has the right idea about having apublic component which has a level playing field with the privatesector."
While it's good news that Sen. Specter called for the public option thatSenator Schumer hours earlier said can't be "diluted", we know this isfar from a done deal.
It would be good to see President Obama tap into the grassroots energythat brought so many to Washington yesterday. Congress now begins arecess that runs through Fourth of July weekend, and Pres. Obama shouldbarnstorm around the country for the robust public option he wants. With his approval rating remaining high, and 72 percent of the countrywanting a public plan, he can tap real momentum which could decide thisdebate.
Too many craven Democrats are still talking compromise in an effort towin 60 votes. We don't need a few out-of-touch Republicans. What weneed is real health care reform that includes the public option, and itcan be done with just 51 votes thanks to the arcane "reconciliation"rule in the Senate.
But to win this, it might take the President coming out and fightinglike hell -- just like the good people who came to Washington to maketheir voices heard yesterday.
The Waxman-Markey American Clean Energy and Security Act (ACES) seemed to have hit a snag this week. One of the reasons was the opposition of House Agriculture Chairman Collin Peterson and agribusiness to the EPA -- instead of the USDA -- monitoring agricultural pollution. No agreement has been reached on that issue, but it looks like the bill will make it to the floor on Friday anyway -- even though, as CongressDaily reports, the 218 votes needed to pass it aren't a lock and negotiations continue.
Supporters and opponents of the bill are therefore kicking into high gear -- which means facts be damned in the case of the latter. The EPA and CBO have estimated the average household cost of the bill as somewhere between 22 cents and 48 cents per day ($80 to $175 per year) -- without taking into account the benefits of reduced global warming, energy efficiency promotion, or job creation. But that hasn't stopped Republicans from claiming the cap and trade program will "cost every American family $3000". They are also, of course, predicting massive job losses and a weak economy -- the same tired line they have used for decades in opposing clean air and clean water laws -- even though history has proven them wrong time and again and this bill would do the same.
Clean energy advocates like NRDC, Sierra Club, 1Sky, and Green For All are mobilizing activists to support and strengthen the legislation -- and fight any efforts to weaken it. Some of the issues include possible changes to clean energy incentives, emission reduction goals, the renewable energy standard, enforcement, green job investment in lower income communities, and auctioning pollution credits versus giving them away to polluters.
Clearly in the coming days the big bucks will go to corporate lobbyists and groups like Newt Gingrich's American Solutions for Winning the Future, which released an ad yesterday predicting, "We'll lose more jobs, pay more for gas and electricity -- pushing our economy to its breaking point." Fearmongering Republicans will continue to try to scare the hell out of the public. So now's a good time to get involved in this fight, help level the playing field, and talk sense with your Representative about the need to strengthen and pass this bill.
Here's what's happening this week:
Congress will begin its July 4 recess at the close of business on Friday -- don't we all wish we could do the same? -- but before it does, it will attempt to make some headway on health care legislation.
The Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee continues to markup its version of the bill, while according to the New York Times the Senate Finance Committee will be engaged in "intense back-room negotiations". In the House, three committees -- Ways and Means, Energy and Commerce, and Education and Labor -- will take up the 852-page draft of their joint health care bill.
Look for many in the GOP -- and too many timid Dems -- to try to kill the public plan option by citing a CBO report that estimated the HELP plan would cover "only 16 million people".
As the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities notes, "The CBO analysis covers only a part of the HELP plan… and does not include major elements... that would further substantially reduce the number of uninsured." Democrats in need of a little spine should check out the latest New York Times/CBS News poll that finds 72 percent of Americans support a public plan option that would compete with private insurers. On Thursday, Health Care for America Now (HCAN) will hold a large rally and lobbying day at the Capitol.
The House will vote on the mammoth $680.4 billion FY10 defense authorization bill. According to CongressDaily, Rep. James McGovern will once again offer his good amendment demanding an Afghanistan exit strategy -- something President Obama himself has said is needed but is still inexplicably missing from his Af-Pak strategy. The House and Senate will also take up the FY10 Homeland Security bill (approximately $45 billion). The House will also take up the $32.3 billion Interior-Environment spending bill.
The Senate is expected to sign a tourism promotion bill. That's not too exciting in itself, but the battle around the amendments is of interest. So far, the GOP has blocked an amendment from Senator Bernie Sanders that would take on oil speculation.
Senator Frank Lautenberg continues to push commonsense gun regulation even as many of his Democratic colleagues turn weak-kneed on the issue. Today, he will introduce legislation that would allow the Attorney General to block gun sales to people on terror watch lists. That's right -- as things stand now, people on the list can't board a plane but they can load up on guns and ammo, no problem.
Congress also begins its work on a financial regulatory reform bill. This morning, the Senate Banking Committee looks at regulating over-the-counter derivatives -- a weakness in the Obama proposal. House Financial Services, on the other hand, takes a look Wednesday at one of the stronger aspects of Obama's proposal -- enhancing consumer protection. Obama proposes creating a Consumer Finance Protection Agency.
The White House is scheduled to have one of its bipartisan, let's see what we agree on, meetings this Thursday -- this one on immigration reform. It's been postponed twice already.
Notable hearings -- all taking place on a busy Thursday: Attorney General Eric Holder appears before Senate Judiciary regarding proposed changes to "The Matthew Shepard Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 2009"…. House Financial Services looks at preserving federal and state affordable housing…. Fed Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke testifies on Bank of America's acquisition of Merrill Lynch and the subsequent government bailout…. and the Joint Economic Committee looks at predatory lending and reverse redlining.
I sat down with Jake Blumgart of Campus Progress to talk about covering Washington DC. Here's a excerpt of our discussion of legislative battles over the future of the financial industry, which seems particularly germane in light of today's White House announcement of its new regulatory initiative:
It does seem to be harder to rally people around something like temporarily nationalizing the banks. Massive pro-gay rights demonstrations, for example, are couched in terms of human rights, which everyone gets. But banking…
That is why they win these battles. There is no mass constituency for re-regulating the banks. It doesn't get people in the [thumps finger on chest]. There are certain political arguments that make your cheeks warm. Those are the things that win elections. It is hard to marshal intensity around systemic risk regulations or temporarily nationalizing the banks. So without a mass constituency it is left to insiders in D.C. That battle isn't even between David and Goliath. It is between Goliath and David's poodle's infant puppy.
From Greg Kaufmann:
One problem with the Obama Administration's "Af-Pak" strategy -- aside from the lack of an exit strategy, air strikes, and a cost that threatens its domestic agenda -- is the fact that the allotment of resources consistently contradicts General Petraeus' own stated counterinsurgency (COIN) strategy. Petraeus says 80 percent of expenditures should go towards non-military purposes like economic development, and only 20 percent to the military. Yet the $106 billion supplemental approved yesterday by the House handed over nearly 90 percent of the funds to the military.
Representative Mike Honda -- Chair of the Asian Pacific American Caucus and a Progressive Caucus member -- homed in on that fact in his good statement explaining his vote against the supplemental yesterday (full statement here):
"… I cannot support the continuation of the Bush Administration's failed modus operandi in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iraq, and the mis-proportioned 90-10 doctrine of assistance allocation – that is, 90% for military investments and only 10% for political, economic, and social development. The Supplemental represented our first opportunity to correct the failed approaches of the past, but we unfortunately did not use this chance."
"Going forward, I hope that I can work closely with the President to ensure a policy more aligned with the 80-20 model often quoted by General David Petraeus, which would invest 80% of resources into political capacity and institutions with only 20% for military. In this regard, I have presented specific recommendations to my colleagues in Congress, with the intention of informing and improving US policy in Afghanistan and Pakistan. I was pleased to hear in my April meeting with the President that his FY2010 budget request will move in this direction."
Hopefully, Rep. Honda and others -- especially the 80-member Progressive Caucus -- will hold President Obama to that pledge moving forward. Too many let him off the hook yesterday.
A preview from Greg Kaufmann:
This week, the Obama Administration will try once again to push through the $106 billion war supplemental. Opposition is much stronger than anyone anticipated, with most antiwar Democrats maintaining their stance, and House Republicans opposing $5 billion to boost IMF lending. In the Senate, Senators Lieberman, McCain and Graham have threatened to shut down business if there aren't assurances that photos of detainee abuse won't be released. Now is a good time for you to let your legislators know where you stand on this. The House is expected to vote on Tuesday.
We should see some more definition around healthcare legislation this week -- specifically on the question of whether the Senate will offer a public plan option? The Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee will markup its version tomorrow, while the Senate Finance Committee releases a draft on Wednesday. Finance Chair Max Baucus continues to pledge that he will have a bipartisan bill -- somewhat disturbing since Republican Committee members are united in their opposition to a public plan option to compete with private insurers. (Nothing like a little Senate chumminess and political cowardice to kill needed reform.) President Obama is in Chicago this afternoon speaking to the American Medical Association which also opposes the public plan option.
The administration will release its plan for reforming financial regulation this week. Smart money is on something rather underwhelming, brought to you courtesy of Geithner-Summers Inc. CongressDaily does report, however, that the Administration will support TARP Oversight Chair Elizabeth Warren's plan for a Consumer Product Safety Commission to regulate financial products -- so that's a piece of good news. Secretary Geithner will appear before the Senate Banking Committee on Wednesday and House Financial Services on Thursday.
FY10 spending bills for Homeland Security ($42.6 billion) and Commerce-Justice-Science ($64.4 billion) are expected to reach the House floor at the end of the week. The Homeland Security bill restricts the transfer of detainees from Guantanamo, according to the New York Times.
House Armed Services will look at the FY10 defense budget tomorrow, while Senate Armed Services looks specifically at spending on missile defense programs.
Representative Rush Holt will reintroduce his Voter Confidence and Increased Accessibility Act this week. The bill would end the hodgepodge of regulations that vary by district and establish a national standard for a voter-verifiable paper trail and access for people with disabilities, among other things. Holt has been a tireless advocate on these issues, and with 65 cosponsors and endorsements from a whole host of organizations -- like Common Cause, the Brennan Center, True Majority and Voter Action-- his bill enjoys broad support. Hopefully it will get a vote on the floor this time around.
Other happenings under the radar: The Senate Environment and Public Works Committee will get an update on New Orleans Hurricane Protection and Restoration tomorrow…. On Thursday, Progressive Caucus Member John Tierney chairs a hearing on "Afghanistan and Pakistan: Oversight of a New Interagency Strategy"…. Finally, House Veterans' Affairs will examine legislation -- "Caring for Veterans with Traumatic Brain Injury Act of 2009" -- this Thursday as well.
Reihan and I debate the role of the United States as the global cop.
I've been trying to accrue more expertise and deeper understanding of the US military's role in the world and the degree to which our national security state delivers what its supporters claim. I'm working on a feature about some of these issues, so this debate was a good opportunity to engage some of the more thoughtful . Also: I had to look up the definition of brigandage after we'd finished, but this often happens to be after conversations with Reihan.
A preview from Greg Kaufmann:
The Administration has had a far tougher time passing the $96 billion war supplemental than anyone anticipated. At play is opposition to escalation, a $108 billion line of credit for the IMF, and a Lieberman amendment that allows Defense Secretary Gates to withhold detainee photos as he sees fit. Great time to tell your reps how you want them to vote.
Healthcare talks continue in Senate Finance and also Health, Education, Labor & Pensions Committees this week. Look for Democrats on both committees to release more details on the kind of legislation they want to introduce -- it remains to be seen if a public plan option will be included and, if so, how strong it will be. (Here's a disturbing quote from Robert Reich on that front.) CongressDaily reports that Ways and Means Chair Charlie Rangel will lay out his framework for healthcare on Tuesday to the Democratic Caucus. House Energy and Commerce and also Labor and Education committees will have a hand in the House legislation as well.
The 80-member Congressional Progressive Caucus -- the largest Caucus in Congress -- isn't waiting around to see a final bill before speaking out. It released its "Principles for a Public Health Care Option", defining a truly robust public plan option that would need to be included in the final bill to gain the CPC's support.
As for climate change, the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee hopes to mark-up its energy bill this week. Should be interesting to see how much stock members put in the prospects of carbon capture. In the House, the Agriculture Committee will take a shot at reviewing the Energy and Commerce-approved energy bill on Thursday, and Energy and Commerce will hold another hearing on how emissions permits are allotted -- free versus auction.
The Senate will try to get 60 votes to wrap-up tobacco legislation. The bill would allow the FDA to regulate nicotine, advertising and marketing, and restrict the sale of flavored cigarettes to menthol only. The bill was held up last week because Senator McCain wanted a vote on an amendment to allow re-importation of prescription drugs. Majority Leader Reid wouldn't allow it because he said it wasn't germane. Strange on many fronts -- Reid has allowed pro-gun amendments by Republicans on a DC voting rights bill and the credit card reform bill. His spokesman said there was nothing he could do to stop them. But… he stopped McCain -- and this amendment was introduced by a Democrat, Senator Byron Dorgan. Not to mention that prescription drugs seems far more germane to the FDA than guns seem to credit cards and DC representation in Congress.
In the House, both the Foreign Relations Authorization Act and the Pakistan Assistance bill will probably be debated on the floor -- depending what happens with the supplemental. The former would allow an additional 1500 people to join the Foreign Service over the next two years and increase the budget for the Peace Corps.
Hearings…. If you want to check out the FY2010 budget there will be a host of appropriations hearings this week, including Secretary Geithner, and Secretary Gates and Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Michael Mullen, testifying on their departments' budget requests before Defense Appropriations subcommittees on Tuesday.
Other notable hearings: Senate Judiciary takes a look at "The Legal, Moral, and National Security Consequences of 'Prolonged Detention'"…. It also has a hearing on Senator Jim Webb's good bill to establish a commission that would examine issues like drug treatment, effective parole policy, racial injustice and sentencing, education for inmates, and reentry programs…. On Wednesday, the Commission on Wartime Contracting presents its interim report to the House Subcommittee on National Security and Foreign Affairs, chaired by CPC member Rep. John Tierney…. Sen. Claire McCaskill, who helped establish the Wartime Contracting Commission, will chair a Senate Homeland subcommittee hearing on fraud allegations occurring at the US Embassy in Kabul…. House Financial Services will examine regulating the over-the-counter derivatives market tomorrow…. and on Thursday House Energy and Commerce looks into FDA approval of affordable generic biologic drugs.
I've been a bad blogger the last week: Congress was on recess and I was working on a number of long-form writing assignments that had stacked up in my queue. But now Congress is back and so is Greg Kaufmann, who sends in this preview of the week's action:
Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee Chairman Edward Kennedy is expected to release his proposed legislation which will include a public plan option. The Senate Finance Committee is expected to announce which options are still on the table for its draft of healthcare reform as well.
The House and Senate will continue their work on the $100 billion war supplemental -- expected to be approved this week or next. Sticking points include a $5 billion loan to the International Monetary Fund. Over 90 percent of the funding goes to the military, instead of 80 percent being devoted to non-military purposes as called for by the Petraeus counterinsurgency strategy.
The Senate will begin debate on a bill to allow the FDA to regulate tobacco. A companion bill already passed the House. According to CongressDaily, the new law would allow the FDA "to limit the amount of nicotine and put restrictions on marketing and advertising…enlarge cigarette warnings and prohibit flavored cigarettes unless they taste like menthol… and bar companies from advertising cigarettes as ‘light' or ‘low tar.'"
Supreme Court nominee Sonia Sotomayor began making rounds on the Hill today. She already met with Sen. Harry Reid, Senate Judiciary Chair Patrick Leahy and Ranking Member Jeff Sessions. In all, nine Senators were scheduled to meet with her today.
President Obama takes off for the Middle East and Europe tonight. Thursday he'll deliver a highly anticipated speech in Egypt.
Some notable hearings this week: Senate Armed Services held a confirmation hearing today for Gen. Stanley McChrystal as commander of US Forces in Afghanistan….Gary Gensler, Chairman of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, will talk "Regulatory Reform and the Derivatives Markets" with the Senate Committee on Agriculture…. House Financial Services takes a look at "The Present Condition and Future Status of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac" tomorrow….. House Veterans Affairs holds a full committee hearing on "A National Commitment to End Veterans' Homelessness"…. Thursday, Senate Foreign Relations will hear testimony on US-China cooperation on climate change…. and closed hearings this week will delve into the security of Pakistan's nukes, "human capitol", and terrorism "hot spots."
National Parks are not like other public lands, and they are not like state lands. They are set aside because they are unlike anywhere else on Earth.-- Congressman Raúl Grijalva
Senator Tom Coburn has struck again, aided and abetted by feckless Majority Leader Harry Reid.
This time around, Coburn hijacked the credit card reform bill, attaching yet another insane gun amendment that has nothing whatsoever to do with the issue at hand. The result? A vote for the "Credit Card Bill of Rights" is now also a vote for allowing loaded shotguns, rifles -- even AK-47s -- into our national parks. Score another win for the NRA, poaching, environmental degradation, and national insecurity -- and a huge loss for public safety.
Congressman Raúl Grijalva, who chairs the National Parks, Forests, and Public Lands Subcommittee as well as the Progressive Caucus, held a press conference on Capitol Hill yesterday to urge action against the amendment. He was joined by Representatives Carolyn McCarthy and Carolyn Maloney, as well as advocates from the Coalition to Stop Gun Violence, the Humane Society, National Parks Conservation Association, and two retired park rangers-- one of whom is a former director of law enforcement at the parks.
Grijalva and his colleagues urged Americans to contact their representatives and tell them to vote against this amendment, which could be taken up on the House floor as early as today. (Grijalva said it was an "uphill" battle to find the votes to shoot the amendment down.) They also urged House leadership to take the bill to conference and strip the amendment as not germane, which clearly it isn't.
Yesterday a Reid spokesman told CongressDaily that there is little Reid can do to prevent amendments like Coburn's -- frankly, that's a load of crap. He could toughen up (as could Dems fearful of the NRA). There is a well known process on the Hill called "filling the tree", whereby the Majority Leader cuts off amendments by offering his own -- even if they are simply place holders. In response, the GOP would certainly complain bitterly or maybe try to slow down the process. Let them. I'm sure interfering with the credit card reform at this moment of financial hardship would serve only to cement their minority status.
Republicans don't mess around when it comes to taking advantage of parliamentary tactics. It's time for the Democrats to respond in kind. Perhaps Harry Reid simply isn't up to the job at hand.