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Unwilling to suffer through another generation of brutal poverty, the indigenous people of Bolivia have taken to the streets in La Paz.

Electoral reform is on the march. Burlington, Vermont, the state's biggest city, recently adopted instant runoff voting for its 2006 mayoral elections. On May 18th, Portland, Oregon became the first city in the country to approve full public financing of elections. And last week in Canada, a majority of voters opted for proportional voting in an important symbolic victory that could eventually lead to more voices and more choices in future elections.

In a referendum coinciding with British Columbia's parliamentary elections, 57.4 percent of a record turnout of 1.6 million chose to replace Canada's US-style, winner-take-all voting system with a method of proportional voting known as the "single transferable vote" (STV). Under this plan, voters rank multiple candidates in order of preference, empowering minorities and breaking up the monopoly of entrenched political parties. "This was not generally a vote of ideology," says Rob Richie of the Center for Voting and Democracy. "This was a vote for a better, fairer democracy that people in all parties could rally around."

Although the STV drive fell short of the 60 percent needed for passage, the measure won a majority of votes in 97 percent of the province's districts. In the wake of these results, Premier Gordon Campbell immediately declared that reforming the electoral system should be a top priority for the newly elected Parliament. "The citizens have been very clear," said Campbell. "There's a pretty strong mandate for electoral reform to take place…a hunger to see improvement."

Siddhartha Deb's second novel follows an Indian journalist on an elusive search for meaning.

A new biography of one of the Enlightment's most remarkable thinkers.

Camile Paglia, pundit of poetry.

Michael Cunningham delivers a historical/noir/sci-fi novel haunted by 9/11 and Walt Whitman.

The story of the American products, producers and salesman that took over Europe in the last century.

A look at Thomas Friedman's flattened world.

Home for centuries to Christians, Muslims and Jews, Salonica was a cosmopolitan world where people of various cultures and religions lived side by side.

What Michael Lind believes Abraham Lincoln believed.

The story of Supreme Court Justice Harry Blackmun illustrates the value of a truly independent judiciary.

In Amitav Ghosh's new novel, language is a medium of power.

Russell Jacoby's study of utopian thought is a flawed treasure.

Paul Johnson and Christopher Hitchens's new books on the Founding Fathers.

Thanks to the wonders of reproductive science, you too can have a virgin birth.

Friends of predatory lenders stay in the minority, while foes move toward the majority.

The Senate should abandon its comical pretensions to being a body reflecting any democratic mandate.

The Senate backed down from its "nuclear option." But would Bush actually reach for his?

The politics of a progressive playwright.

Two US military officers are caught delivering weapons to Colombian paramilitaries.

Democrats must continue the fight to preserve an independent judiciary.