The tenth anniversary of the start of the Iraq War arrives next week but coverage in the mainstream media has been surprisingly sparse. (I’ve already posted more than a dozen pieces here.) What we will likely again hear from commentators, when they get around to it, this year is that George W. Bush may have made the wrong call but he went to war with the overwhelming support of the public and the press.
Actually, this is a myth.
It’s true that polls showed that Americans believed Saddam had WMD—and no wonder, given the deceitful propaganda from the Bush administration—and that they backed an invasion at some point if it came to that. But most surveys also showed about a 50/50 split between those who wanted to go to war soon, and those who wanted to wait for more diplomacy or to give the United Nations inspectors more time to work. (Remember, they had found nothing and then were withdrawn by the president).
Another myth: The nation’s newspapers on their editorial pages backed the invasion strongly.
You may be surprised to learn that in their final pre-attack editorials, at least one-third of the top newspapers in this country came out against President Bush’s taking us to war at that time. Many of the papers may have fumbled the WMD coverage, and only timidly raised questions about the need for war—see my new book on media malpractice before and during the war, So Wrong for So Long—but when push came to shove ten years ago they wanted to wait longer to move against Saddam, or not move at all.
“For apparently the first time in modern history, the US government seems poised to go to war not only lacking the support of many of its key allies abroad but also without the enthusiastic backing of the majority of major newspapers at home,” Ari Berman, now at The Nation, and I wrote at Editor & Publisher on March 19, 2003. Berman had just completed his fifth and final prewar survey of the top fifty newspapers’ editorial positions.
I had certainly been critical of overall press coverage of the war—and the editorial writers and pundits largely backed the adventure for years—but at least there was some sense of protest on the eve of the invasion.
Following Bush’s forty-eight-hour ultimatum to Saddam Hussein on March 17, newspapers took their last opportunity to sound off before the war started. Of the forty-four papers publishing editorials about the war, roughly one-third reiterated strong support for the White House, one-third repeated their abiding opposition to it and the rest—with further debate now useless—took a more philosophical approach.
But in the end, the majority agreed that the Bush administration had badly mishandled the crisis. Most papers sharply criticized Washington’s diplomatic efforts—putting the nation on the eve of a pre-emptive war without UN Security Council support—and expressed fears for the future despite an inevitable victory.
Once-equivocal editorial pages got straight to the point. “This war crowns a period of terrible diplomatic failure,” The New York Times argued, “Washington’s worst in at least a generation. The Bush administration now presides over unprecedented American might. What it risks squandering is not Americans’ power, but an essential part of our glory.”