Did you know that on the eve of the Iranian presidential election, that country–with 70 percent of its population under 30–has 75,000 bloggers? I find that pretty stunning–and I’m usually skeptical of blog-hype.
Blogging has gone international in a big way. And in Iran, blogging means that news, ideas and rumors are bypassing traditional censors. As one of Iran’s leading bloggers recently pointed out at opendemocracy.net, Iran’s blogs are generating “an unprecedented amount of information [and] pre-election news has…been much more transparent.” In fact, Hossein Derakhshan argued, ” it will probably be one of the most open and transparent elections Iran has ever seen.”
The internet is playing a major role. This is the first time, for example, that most of the major candidates (except the oldest ones) have their own websites. And with an estimated three or four million internet users in Iran, blogs are opening up Iranian society and culture–despite the enduring threat of government censorship and imprisonment of journalists and activists.
As New America Foundation fellow Afshin Molavi observes, “Most Iranian blogs offer a space to tell jokes, share music files and photos, satirically lampoon Iranian rulers with clever photo-shop doctoring, and generally share personal experiences. The political blogs have a power beyond their small readership because of the reverberation effect: when they break a story or simply spread a juicy rumor, it is immediately emailed to hundreds of thousands of wired Iranians and filtered to the non-wired Iranians through word-of-mouth.” (Even a former Vice-President, Mohammad Abtahi, angered many officials for spilling too many secrets in his blog.)
So, for those of you who want to diversify your daily news-feed, here’s my list of ten blogs that offer an unprecedented window on Iran’s political culture, while helping to open up and make that society more accountable.
1) Hoder.com: Molavi says Hoder is “the godfather of blogging in Iran”; he has a wide following, and numerous Iranian bloggers link to Hoder’s blogspot. Hoder’s real name is Hossein Derakhshan; his blog, which he calls “Editor: Myself,” comes via Toronto, where the Tehran-born Derakhshan now makes his home. He offers observations on the June election and said in a recent email interview that blogs have “given much more transparency to how campaigns operate.” And blogs also, says Hoder, have “enabled the campaigns to reach out to a network of educated and influential young students who make up the majority of the blogging community.”
2) Massih Alinejad was a reporter for Iranian reformist newspapers, but when she exposed financial corruption in Iran’s Parliament, higher-ups banned her from entering the building and she could no longer do her job. She was, the government said, acting “rude and intrusive.” So, she started a blog.