NSA, Benghazi and the Monsters of Our Own Creation
This story originally appeared at Truthdig. Robert Scheer is the author of The Great American Stickup: How Reagan Republicans and Clinton Democrats Enriched Wall Street While Mugging Main Street (Nation Books).
If we are so smart why are we so dumb? I am referring to the “intelligence” that our spy agencies have gathered at great cost in both massive secret black box budgets and, much more important, the surrender of our personal freedom to the snooping eyes of our modern surveillance state.
“We know everything but learn nothing” would be an honest slogan for the NSA, CIA and lesser-known spy agencies that specialize in leading us so dangerously astray. For all of their massive intrusion into the personal lives of individuals throughout the world, it is difficult to recall a time when the “intelligence” they collected provided such myopic policy insight.
Take the revelations in The New York Times’s exhaustive six-part investigation published Saturday demonstrating that the devastating 2012 attack in Benghazi, Libya, was an intelligence disaster. The Times “turned up no evidence that Al Qaeda or other international terrorist groups had any role in the assault” that led to the death of the US ambassador and three other Americans. Instead, a local militia leader on the side of the US-supported insurrection in Libya with no known affiliation with Al Qaeda is a prime suspect, and he and others allegedly responsible were not on the radar screen of the twenty-person CIA station in Benghazi because they were part of the insurgency the US supported.
As for the vast collection of phone and e-mail intercepts maintained by US spy agencies, it turned up only one bit of information, a phone call from someone involved in the mob attacking the US post. He called a friend elsewhere in Africa who allegedly knew some folks in Al Qaeda, but the friend “sounded astonished” at the news from Libya, “suggesting he had no prior knowledge of the assault,” according to US officials. In short, the only evidence turned up by the vast spying apparatus was evidence that inconveniently contradicted the Al Qaeda connection, so it was not made public.
As The New York Times stated, the Benghazi incident has been billed as “the most significant attack on United States property in 11 years, since Sept. 11, 2001,” an event that launched the much-ballyhooed war on terror. But as with that attack 11 years earlier, the perps turned out to be people the US secret agencies had once trusted. The enemy here was not Al Qaeda, but rather a homegrown menace empowered by foreign intervention. “The attack was led,” the Times reported, “by fighters who had benefited directly from NATO’s extensive air power and logistic support during the uprising against Colonel Qaddafi.”
These monsters of our own creation continually haunt us. It was, after all, the United States under both Presidents Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan that recruited and armed the anti-Soviet Muslim fanatics who later morphed into Osama bin Laden’s gang. Reagan even embraced them as “freedom fighters” in official ceremonies. So too did the US recently rally an army of fundamentalists to oppose the regime of Moammar Qadaffi in Libya.
Qadaffi, like Hussein in Iraq and Assad in Syria, was a defanged dictator and—inconvenient to the US anti-terrorism narrative—like his fellow secular dictators, an avowed enemy of Al Qaeda. But that did not stop the regime change ideologues in the US government from meddling once again in a society that they could barely comprehend. As The New York Times summarized the origins of the Benghazi debacle:
“The United States waded deeply into post-Qaddafi Libya, hoping to build a beachhead against extremists, especially Al Qaeda. It believed it could draw a bright line between friends and enemies in Libya. But it ultimately lost its ambassador in an attack that involved opponents of the West and fighters belonging to militias that the Americans had taken for allies.”
We have left it to the secret state agents to determine the nature of our enemies, “the evil doers,” and never dare to question how often their “evidence” gets it wrong. In the process, debates about foreign policy are hijacked by those with access to secret information, be it Iraq’s nonexistent weapons of mass destruction or Iran’s threat to the stability of the Mideast. This last is the source of greatest irrationality in the war on terror that has committed the US to the side of Sunni fanatics financed by Saudi Arabia in a war against anyone the Saudi theocracy holds in contempt.
Just this week, the Saudi government pledged $3 billion to support the government of Lebanon in its confrontation with Hezbollah. That follows a $5 billion gift to the military dictators of Egypt who overthrew a democratically elected government whose Sunni leadership did not sufficiently cater to Saudi dictates. Then there are this year’s foreign aid bribes of $1 billion to Jordan, $3.25 billion to Yemen, $1.25 billion to Morocco and $750 million to Tunisia to docilely follow the decrees of the Saudi theocracy.
The idiocy of anti-terrorism as a substitute for foreign policy is that Saudi Arabia, the one nation most accurately described as a breeding ground for terrorism, gets to play an outsized role, along with outlier Israel, in deciding US policy for the entire region. If people dare dissent, say any Americans who loathe having their taxes committed in this way, they can be branded as soft on terror. If they go online and express such a view, will they too be picked up in the NSA’s catch-a-spy network?
The excuse is that this sacrifice of our freedom will make us more secure, as in the misnamed “National Security Agency,” by knowing more about our “enemies.” But the record is unmistakably the opposite, that this relinquishing of privacy and transparency has stifled genuine public debate about the goals of our policy and left us both stupid and weak.
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